To learn how to play baseball, you must first learn the basics of baseball.
First off, there are nine players allowed on a team at one time.
There are nine innings in a Major League Baseball and college baseball game (seven in the Major League Baseball World Series Championship), in which each baseball team has to try and score as many runs as possible in only three outs per inning.
The team with the most runs at the end of the game is the winner. If the teams have the same number of runs, they play more innings until one team wins.
When playing baseball, at the start of the game, the home team pitches, while the visiting team bats. Only one player can bat at a time.
The team that is batting (offense) is the team trying to score the runs, and the team that pitching, catching and playing in the field (defense) is the team trying to get those three outs so the batting team doesn’t score anymore runs.
How To Play Baseball – PLAYING THE OFFENSIVE
To learn how to play baseball properly you must learn how to play offense correctly. The goal of the offensive team (or batting team) is to get runs. In order to get a run, a player must first bat, and if bat successful, run to the bases becoming a base-runner. Once a base-runner, the aim is to touch all the bases in order, and back to the home plate. Behind the home plate is an umpire that lets everyone know if the pitch thrown was in the strike zone or not.
If the pitch was in the strike zone, then the pitch is a “strike”. If it wasn’t in the strike zone, then the pitch was a “ball”.
When batting you get three strikes and four balls.
If you get four balls before you get three strikes, then that is called a “walk”. A walk means that you get to go to first base, no questions asked.
If you get three strikes before you get four balls, then that is a “strikeout”, in which the defensive team gets an out and your turn batting is over.
When playing baseball, the order in which the team sends its players up to home plate is chosen before the start of the game, this is called the “lineup”. Once the game has started, the order of the lineup can’t be changed, but the team are allowed to use a player who was not part of the original lineup chosen at the start of the game. The new player brought into the lineup has to take the place of an original lineup player.
After the ninth player of the lineup has batted, the first player in the lineup starts again. If a batter/runner makes it to the home plate, he scores a run for his team. The player must then leave the field until it is his turn to bat again. This means that a player can only score a maximum of one run each time he bats.
How To Play Baseball – PLAYING THE DEFENSIVE
Learning how to play defense in baseball is an important step in learning how to play baseball. The team playing defense consists of the pitcher, the catcher and the fielders. Their job is to try and stop the batting team getting any runs.
When playing baseball, the pitcher and the catcher together are often called the battery. The remaining seven fielders may stand anywhere in the field. But there are usually four infielders that stand in the infield close to the bases and three outfielders who spread out and stand around the outfield.
The four infielders consist of the first baseman, second baseman, third baseman and shortstop. The first baseman and third baseman stand close to first base and third base, as it would suggest in the name! The second baseman and the shortstop stand on either side of second base.
How To Play Baseball – THE FIRST BASEMAN
The first baseman’s job is to make force plays at first base. A force play is made when another infielder catches a ball that has touched the ground, and throws it to the first baseman.
The first baseman must then touch the batter or the base with the ball before the batter can touch first base. Then that batter is out. First basemen need to be quick as 90% of the plays in the game are there.
How To Play Baseball – THE SECOND BASEMAN
The second baseman’s job is to cover the surrounding area just to the right of second base and to back up the first baseman.
How To Play Baseball – THE THIRD BASEMAN
The third baseman usually attracts a lot of hit baseballs, due to the location he is in. This means that he must have a very strong throwing arm to throw the baseball quickly to the first baseman, in order to get the runner out, and be quick.
How To Play Baseball – THE SHORTSTOP
The shortstop’s job is to cover the stretch between second and third bases, including the bases themselves and the near part of left field. The shortstop is usually the best fielder on the team.
How To Play Baseball – THE OUTFIELDERS
The three outfielders are called the left fielder, the center fielder, and the right fielder. As the name suggests, they all stand in their designated areas on the field. The directions are based on the angle looking from the home plate onwards. The center fielder is usually the fastest in the outfield, since it covers a wider area. The center fielder usually decides who catches fly balls.
The team can decide what positions the baseball players play, but usually, the players change their positions dependent on how the game is going. This is perfectly legal in the rules. (more…)